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Tuesday, 19 March 2024 00:00

Symptoms and Risks of Toenail Fungus

Toenail fungus is an infection that commonly affects the toenails. It occurs when fungi invade the nail bed, leading to discoloration, thickening, and deformity of the nails. One of the most noticeable symptoms of toenail fungus is the gradual change in the appearance of the affected nails, which may turn yellow, white, or brown, and become brittle or crumbly. As the infection progresses, the nails may thicken and develop a distorted shape, causing discomfort and difficulty when wearing shoes. Several risk factors contribute to the development of toenail fungus, including poor foot hygiene, prolonged exposure to moist environments, wearing tight-fitting shoes, and having a weakened immune system. If you believe you have developed toenail fungus, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can offer you effective treatment methods, which may include prescribed medicine or laser treatment.

If left untreated, toenail fungus may spread to other toenails, skin, or even fingernails. If you suspect you have toenail fungus it is important to seek treatment right away. For more information about treatment, contact one of our podiatrists of Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.


  • Warped or oddly shaped nails
  • Yellowish nails
  • Loose/separated nail
  • Buildup of bits and pieces of nail fragments under the nail
  • Brittle, broken, thickened nail


If self-care strategies and over-the-counter medications does not help your fungus, your podiatrist may give you a prescription drug instead. Even if you find relief from your toenail fungus symptoms, you may experience a repeat infection in the future.


In order to prevent getting toenail fungus in the future, you should always make sure to wash your feet with soap and water. After washing, it is important to dry your feet thoroughly especially in between the toes. When trimming your toenails, be sure to trim straight across instead of in a rounded shape. It is crucial not to cover up discolored nails with nail polish because that will prevent your nail from being able to “breathe”.

In some cases, surgical procedure may be needed to remove the toenail fungus. Consult with your podiatrist about the best treatment options for your case of toenail fungus.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.


Read more about How to Treat Your Toenail Fungus

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