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Tuesday, 20 July 2021 00:00

The peroneal tendons are two bands of tissue located in the foot, behind the outer ankle bone. They connect muscles to bones and stabilize the foot and ankle, protecting them from sprains. These important tendons can become injured in various ways. They may become inflamed (tendonitis) due to overuse, which can lead to pain, swelling, and warmth to the touch. The peroneal tendons can also tear due to overuse or trauma. A rupture may cause pain, swelling, weakness, and ankle instability. Overuse during a long period of time may cause degenerative tearing of the tendons. The tendons could also slip out of their proper positions, usually due to another injury, such as an ankle sprain. If you are suffering from ankle pain, it is strongly suggested that you see a podiatrist, who can diagnose and treat your condition.

Ankle and foot injuries are common among athletes and in many sports. They can be caused by several problems and may be potentially serious. If you are feeling pain or think you were injured in a sporting event or when exercising, consult with one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Common Injuries

The most common injuries that occur in sporting activities include:

  • Achilles Tendonitis
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Ankle Sprains
  • Broken Foot
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Stress Fractures
  • Turf Toe

Symptoms

Symptoms vary depending upon the injury and in some cases, there may be no symptoms at all. However, in most cases, some form of symptom is experienced. Pain, aching, burning, bruising, tenderness, tightness or stiffness, sensation loss, difficulty moving, and swelling are the most common symptoms.

Treatment

Just as symptoms vary depending upon the injury, so do treatment options. A common treatment method is known as the RICE method. This method involves rest, applying ice, compression and elevating the afflicted foot or ankle. If the injury appears to be more serious, surgery might be required, such as arthroscopic or reconstructive surgery. Lastly, rehabilitation or therapy might be needed to gain full functionality in the afflicted area. Any discomfort experienced by an athlete must be evaluated by a licensed, reputable medical professional.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Sports Related Foot and Ankle Injuries
Tuesday, 13 July 2021 00:00

A hammertoe occurs when the middle joint in a toe is stuck in a bent position and the toe curls down, rather than laying flat. This deformity can develop in any toe other than the big toe. An imbalance in the muscles or tendons in the feet can lead to a hammertoe forming over time. Genetics may predispose certain people to hammertoes, which can be brought on by wearing pointy, narrow high heels. Having bunions, or certain diseases such as Charcot-Marie-Tooth, diabetes, or arthritis, can also contribute to the development of a hammertoe. In the early stages, the contraction is flexible and the toe can still move. In time, the bent toe can become rigid as the condition progresses. That is why it is important to seek the care of a podiatrist in the early stages, when more conservative therapies can be deployed to correct the deformity without surgery.

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists of Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that occurs due to an imbalance in the muscles, tendons, or ligaments that normally hold the toe straight. It can be caused by the type of shoes you wear, your foot structure, trauma, and certain disease processes.

Symptoms

  • Painful and/or difficult toe movement
  • Swelling
  • Joint stiffness
  • Calluses/Corns
  • Physical deformity

Risk Factors

  • Age – The risk of hammertoe increases with age
  • Sex – Women are more likely to have hammertoe compared to men
  • Toe Length – You are more likely to develop hammertoe if your second toe is longer than your big toe
  • Certain Diseases – Arthritis and diabetes may make you more likely to develop hammertoe

Treatment

If you have hammertoe, you should change into a more comfortable shoe that provides enough room for your toes. Exercises such as picking up marbles may strengthen and stretch your toe muscles. Nevertheless, it is important to seek assistance from a podiatrist in order to determine the severity of your hammertoe and see which treatment option will work best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Hammertoe
Tuesday, 06 July 2021 00:00

The arch of the foot is primarily responsible for absorbing and dispersing reaction forces that feet encounter during normal activities. When ligaments which support the arch are subject to prolonged, excessive loading from obesity, they can become overly stretched, damaged, and painful. Children who are obese may be more prone to foot pain and flat feet due to increased levels of pressure put on the soles of the feet. This, in turn, may restrict their ability to participate in physical activity. If your child is obese and is experiencing pain in their feet, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist who may prescribe custom orthotics to help improve foot alignment, decrease pain and improve overall mobility.

The health of a child’s feet is vital to their overall well-being. If you have any questions regarding foot health, contact one of our podiatrists of Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tips for Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

  • Make sure their shoes fit properly
  • Look for any signs of in-toeing or out-toeing
  • Check to see if they have Clubfoot (condition that affects your child’s foot and ankle, twisting the heel and toes inward) which is one of the most common nonmajor birth defects.
  • Lightly cover your baby’s feet (Tight covers may keep your baby from moving their feet freely, and could prevent normal development)
  • Allow your toddler to go shoeless (Shoes can be restricting for a young child’s foot)
  • Cut toenails straight across to avoid ingrown toenails
  • Keep your child’s foot clean and dry
  • Cover cuts and scrapes. Wash any scratches with soap and water and cover them with a bandage until they’ve healed.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about How to Care for Your Child's Feet
Tuesday, 29 June 2021 00:00

The ankle joint allows you to move your foot up and down, walk, run, and jump - but all of these activities can be more difficult if you suffer from ankle osteoarthritis.  Osteoarthritis, the type of arthritis associated with aging, can cause the cartilage lining of joints to wear away over time. This leads to symptoms such as joint pain, stiffness, swelling, tenderness, and a decreased range of motion. While osteoarthritis can affect any joint in the body, it often affects the ankle joint. While arthritis can’t be cured or reversed, the symptoms can be managed through lifestyle changes and medications. In severe cases, surgery may also be an option to help you regain mobility. For more information about ankle arthritis, please consult with a podiatrist. 

Arthritis can be a difficult condition to live with. If you are seeking treatment, contact one of our podiatrists from Princeton Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Arthritic Foot Care  

Arthritis is a joint disorder that involves the inflammation of different joints in your body, such as those in your feet. Arthritis is often caused by a degenerative joint disease and causes mild to severe pain in all affected areas. In addition to this, swelling and stiffness in the affected joints can also be a common symptom of arthritis.

In many cases, wearing ill-fitting shoes can worsen the effects and pain of arthritis. Wearing shoes that have a lower heel and extra room can help your feet feel more comfortable. In cases of rheumatoid arthritis, the arch in your foot may become problematic. Buying shoes with proper arch support that contour to your feet can help immensely.

Alleviating Arthritic Pain

  • Exercises that stretch the foot can prevent further pain and injury and increase mobility
  • Most of the pain can be alleviated with anti-inflammatory drugs, heat, and topical medications
  • Massages can help temporarily alleviate pain.

It is best to see your doctor for the treatment that is right for your needs and symptoms. Conditions vary, and a podiatrist can help you determine the right method of care for your feet.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Princeton and West Windsor, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Arthritic Foot Care

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